Deep in the woods along the ridge of Maryland’s South Mountain rests this monument to the men of North Carolina who gave their lives during the Confederate’s first campaign into the north. Dedicated only 3 years ago, it highlights the darker sides of war often painted over by a preferred romanticism. The inscription reads:
In memory of the North Carolinians that fought at or near here September 14,1862.
The lst, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 12th, 13th, 14th, 15th, 20th, 23rd, & 30th NC Infantry Regiments and the 1st NC Artillery, Manly and Reilly Batteries.
General D. H. Hill was in command of the 10,000 Confederates with elements of Longstreet’s Corps arriving in the afternoon. The fighting here at Fox’s Gap saw one of the few instances of actual hand-to-hand combat of the war. The 13th was totally surrounded after the mortal wounding of Brig. Gen. Samuel Garland just a few yards from here. Two days after the battle, 58 Confederate dead were dumped down the well of farmer Daniel Wise located NW. In 1874, they were re-interred in Hagerstown, Md.
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